The RuWordNet thesaurus is a thesaurus of the Russian language created in the format of well-known English thesaurus WordNet ( It was constructed using semi-automatic transformation of other Russian thesaurus for natural language processing RuThes (

RuWordNet contains synsets (sets of synonyms) for nouns (single nouns and noun phrases), verbs (single verbs and verb phrases) and adjectives:
- 29297 noun synsets;
- 12865 adjective synsets;
- 7636 verb synsets.
Currently, RuWordNet thesaurus contains 111.5 thousand of unique Russian words and expressions.

Between synsets of the same part of speech, the following relations are established: hyponym-hypernym, instance-class, part-whole, antonymy relation, domain relations. For verbs, cause and entailment relations are described. Also part-of-speech synonymy links are established between synsets of different parts of speech having the same meaning.

RuWordNet thesaurus is distributed for non-commercial use. To obtain xml-files of the thesaurus, you can write to Natalia Loukachevitch ([email protected]).

RuWordNet Thesaurus is created with the support of Russian Foundation for Humantities (project 15-04-12017v).


  1. Loukachevitch N., Dobrov B. RuThes linguistic ontology vs. Russian wordnets. Proceedings of Global WordNet Conference GWC-2014. – 2014.
  2. Loukachevitch N. V., Lashevich G., Gerasimova A. A., Ivanov V. V., Dobrov B. V. Creating Russian WordNet by Conversion. In Proceedings of Conference on Computatilnal linguistics and Intellectual technologies Dialog-2016, 2016. pp.405-415
  3. Loukachevitch N., Lashevich G. Multiword expressions in Russian Thesauri RuThes and RuWordNet. Proceedings of the AINL FRUCT 2016, 2016. pp.66-71.